Step by Step Guide to Contest a Will in Victoria [Video]

A will is a legal document that bears the testator’s intent and wishes on how their estate, including every asset and property they have sole ownership of, should be shared upon their demise. Here is a Step by Step Guide to Contest a Will in Victoria [Video]

The people he will describe to inherit these assets and properties are often called “the beneficiaries.” The document’s aim is usually to ensure that the properties are distributed orderly and peacefully without causing drama amongst the beneficiaries.

This is intended to ensure peace, provide for those involved and help them get through the grieving period.

However, a lot of things can go wrong. For instance, a beneficiary can be named in a previous Will and be removed in a new one.

The testator may also write the Will while being incapacitated or under undue influence. Or a beneficiary may feel they are getting less than their share of the inheritance.

This can therefore lead to disputes that can further cause a contesting of the Will. So if you are a partner, a child, a grandchild, a relative, or a dependent of a testator who lived and own assets in Victoria and you feel you are not getting what you deserved in Will, then follow these steps to learn how to contest a Will in Victoria.

Who is Eligible to Contest a Will?

A Will, as described above, covers for the wellbeing of anyone dependent on the testator during their lifetime and at their time of death.

However, there is still a need to explicitly define who is eligible to contest a Will in Victoria. It used to be very flexible to make claims against a Will as the criteria for eligibility were not specified.


And anyone even remotely related to the testator could contest a Will if they felt they need to be included or felt cheated even though they are included in the Will.

All that ended after new legislation came into effect on 1 January 2015. In this provision, there are clear conditions for who can contest a standing Will.

Those eligible to contest a Will include the spouse or domestic partner of the deceased at the time of death, a child or grandchild, a former spouse or domestic partner of the testator at the time of death, and a registered career.

The following categories are eligible to contest a Will:

  • A spouse or domestic partner of the testator at the time of death
  • A natural child, an adopted child, or a stepchild who believed the deceased to be their parent and was treated as such and who at the time of death was under the age of 18, a full-time student under the age of 25, suffering from a disability
  • A child, a stepchild, an adopted child or a “believing child” not listed above (i.e. not an adult)
  • A former spouse or former domestic partner of the testator
  • A registered caring partner of the testator
  • A grandchild
  • A spouse or domestic partner of a child of the testator (i.e. a son or daughter-in-law) where that child has died within one year of the testator’s death
  • A person who was, had been, or was likely to be in the near future a member of the testator’s household at the time of death.

Who Pays Legal Costs When Contesting a Will?

The cost of contesting a will generally differ for several reasons. However, the average cost of contesting a Will stands around between $5,000 – $10,000 if the matter does not get to court.

Whereas, if the matter goes to court, the cost could be anything between $20,000 -$100,000.

The cost of contesting a Will is usually borne by you as the claimant, even though a win could mean the estate will reimburse you.

However, this is not as straightforward. For instance, when the matter is resolved through a mediation process, you will receive an agreed-upon amount from the estate from which you will pay 100% of the legal fees.

If the claim gets to court because it couldn’t be settled through mediation and you win the case, the court will rule that the estate pays 70% of the legal fees while you take care of the rest out of your share of the estate.

On the other hand, if you lose the case in court, then you will pay 100% of the legal fees or nothing at all if you were able to settle on a “no win no fee” basis with your solicitors.

Hence, several people tend to resolve their contest of a Will through mediation as it is less expensive, costing an average of $30,000 in all.

Therefore, it is advisable to confirm whether winning the contest could be more financially favorable before even establishing a claim.

This means you need first to be sure how much the estate is worth and how much you would gain as your share once the other factors are considered.

How Hard is it To Contest a Will?

When implemented properly, A Will aims to provide an easy, clear-cut way to resolve an otherwise delicate issue.

However, every very often, we see claimant’s rise to contest a Will for any of the following reasons:

  1. If the testamentary capacity is in question

Adults older than the age of 18 are usually allowed to make a legal Will that must be honoured and respected. Testamentary capacity is often what gives adults the legal power to create Wills.

A Will can therefore be contested if this testamentary capacity is in doubt. The contest can be based on any or all of the following:

  • The testator did not understand the extent and value of their estate
  • If the testator did not understand who their heir or beneficiaries are
  • If the testator did not understand the effect of creating a Will
  • If the testator lacks the mental capacity to make a Will
  • Insufficient and inappropriate witnesses

A problem with how the Will was witnessed can also form a basis for establishing a contest. For instance, if the claimant can prove that that signature does not belong to the testator or that the signature was made in the absence of two witnesses, then a case can be made and possibly won.

  • If there is Will Fraud or forgery

A Will fraud is a common reason why people contest a Will. If the heir or beneficiaries can sufficiently prove that the Will was signed under the guise of a different document, then that Will can be contested.

For instance, if the testator signed the Will thinking it was a healthcare proxy or a contract for a Real Estate or another business.

  • If there is a new will

The existence of two different Wills can lead to a legal contest. Legally, the new Will is always binding while the old Will is considered void and often destroyed. But in instances where both Will still exists as at the time of death or probate, a claimant can contest the old Will if an executor tries to carry out the wishes and instructions stated within it.

While all or any of the above reasons can form the basis for a claim, winning the case through a mediation process is most often considered the best option as winning a contest in a court can be based on several factors, including the following:

  • The relationship that existed between the claimant and the testator at the time of death
  • Whether or not the deceased owns the applicant any financial obligations
  • The value of the estate, including the assets and properties the testator has sole ownership of
  • The claimant’s financial situation, including all current and future financial needs
  • The mental and physical health of the applicant
  • Whether the applicant was financially dependent on the deceased at the time of death
  • The character, conduct, and lifestyle of the claimant
  • If others are contesting the same Will

How to Contest a Will in Victoria

The time to contest a Will is usually 12 months from the date of death of the testator and 6 months from the date of the probate.

It is often advisable that you make your claims between this period and before the estate is distributed to have a better chance of winning the case.

An estate cannot be disturbed after distribution, so you will need to make your claims early or make peace with the allocation.

The steps to contesting a Will generally differ according to the jurisdictions. However, below are the common and most basic steps:

Step 1: Establish that you are named in the Will

Your first action would be to make sure you are named as a beneficiary in the Will. Then find out the value of the estate and how much your allotted share should be.

Step 2: Involve your lawyers.

It is always advisable that you involve your lawyers as soon as you have any concerns. This could be as early as when you are trying to determine if you are named in the Will, even before probate and before you get a copy of the Will.

Getting your lawyer involved does not necessarily mean you will be taking the matter to court, but you will get the right legal advice and enter your claims early enough.

Step 3: Wait for probate.

You will be granted a copy of the Will after probate. Then you can be sure whether to accept or contest the Will.

Step 4: Enter a contest.

Should you be dissatisfied with the Will, you can make your claims and contest. Usually, your lawyer will try to arrange for your claims to be resolved through a mediation process.

If you are successful and the right negotiations are stuck, you can shake hands with your lawyer, settle them and go on to enjoy your inheritance.

However, if the mediation fails, you may then proceed to court.

Step 5: Take the matter to court

This is often the final step in a Will contest. In most cases, the court will uphold a Will and allow it to stand. However, there have also been times when people contested a Will and won.


A Will is the last wish of the testator and is a legal document that isn’t often easy to overrun. If a Will is presumed valid by the probate court and meets all the state’s requirements, it makes it even harder to be tossed aside.

Tempers rise, and sparks fly when a Will is contested, and all of these can be eased cheaply and quickly when the contest is resolved through a mediation process. However, the contest becomes underlined by several factors if it gets to court.

I hope were able to learn the Step by Step Guide to Contest a Will in Victoria?


How Often Should You Get a Pedicure

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How Often Should You Get a Pedicure – A Step by Step Guide [Video]

How Often Should You Get a Pedicure?! Like most people, your feet are probably the most utilized yet least appreciated part of your body.

Feet take us everywhere whenever we are up and about and still have to stay grounded and provide balance when we are seated.

We usually do all these without paying much mind to it. But this doesn’t have to be so, and you can always treat those feet to some good leisure such as a pedicure.

This popular cosmetic spa treatment is usually focused on the feet to bring several therapeutic benefits to both the skin and nails of the feet.

The activities that make up a typical pedicure includes soaking then cleaning the feet, moisturizing and exfoliating the skin, cutting the cuticles and trimming the nails, and thoroughly massaging each foot.

Preferably, you can also have the nails painted to give you a pristine and new look. Not only does this treatment add beauty to our feet, but it also helps to heal them and make them more durable.

But, how often should you get this treatment? Is the treatment safe? And how should you carry your feet right after a pedicure? These are some of the questions we wish to address in this article.

How Often Should You Get a Pedicure?

Most people generally can’t decide upon the duration between one pedicure session and the next. They are unsure how often to get a pedicure and what too often means.


Generally, if you are trying to maintain happy and healthy feet, experts recommend that you go for a pedicure every 4 to 6 weeks.

This implies that you are not trying to improve any foot conditions and are only doing it for the basic nail trimming, foot soaking and cleaning, cuticle clipping and foot massage.

However, if you have an underlying condition you wish to improve or get rid of, you will need to get a pedicure every 3 to 4 weeks.

This will allow the technician to apply the appropriate treatment often and monitor the progress of the condition. The spacing is also crucial to ensure you don’t over-exfoliate and risk getting an injury.

Conditions that need more specific treatments may require you to get a pedicure every 2 weeks. This is called intermediate treatment and is scheduled so that you can get a pedicure in week 0, followed by a complete therapeutic session in week 2 and another pedicure in the fourth week.

Are Pedicures Bad For Your Feet?

A regular pedicure will allow you to feel pampered and confident at all times. However, people still often wonder if pedicures are bad for the feet.

In itself, pedicure poses no health threat to your feet. However, certain misdeeds can result in the development of foot fungus or ingrown toenails.

One of these misdeeds includes negligence or failure of the salon to sterilize their equipment. This is often a recipe for the spread of viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Others may include things you do wrong yourself, such as shaving right before getting a pedicure or constantly trimming your toenails too short.

Some of the signs that you have an infection include:

  • Redness or swelling in some parts of the foot
  • Red and swollen toe that may indicate an ingrown toenail
  • Thicken nail with an apparent change in color (black or yellow) indicating a nail fungus infection

These conditions are not widespread and do not frequently occur as long as you pick the right salon and follow the rules. To save yourself from the risk of an infection, be sure to do the following:

  • Please choose the right salon which has a license and sterilize their instruments always
  • Never shave right before a pedicure, as this could leave you with cuts that can facilitate and establish an infection much quicker.
  • Never trim your nails too short.  Always cut them straight across to avoid injury and ingrown toenails.
  • Exfoliate only when necessary and stick to the rough spots
  • Always keep your feet moisturized with a thick moisturizer

When Should You Not Get a Pedicure?

Getting a pedicure is both healthy and beautiful. It leaves your feet looking beautiful and keeps them happy and healthy.

However, there are times when it will be unwise to get a pedicure. Getting a pedicure under certain conditions can pose a significant risk to your health as well as a danger to others.

You need to avoid getting a pedicure if you have an injury, a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection, or some diabetic foot issues.

While these conditions are things that would make you avoid a spa session, you might still need to discuss with your physician in case of other underlying issues.

When You Have an Infection

One of the worst times to get a pedicure is when you have an infection. Infections caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi are highly contagious and can easily pass from you to others.

Fungal infections, for instance, are predicated by a thick, yellow, and swollen appearance on the foot. If you see these signs, you should suspect a fungal infection and avoid going to the spa altogether.

When You Have Diabetic Foot Complications

Diabetes and neuropathy can affect the feet and make it risky to get a pedicure treatment. Most spa treatments generally involve filling calluses and corn, and when these are done to a foot with diabetic issues, it can result in infections and ulcerations.

When You Have An Injury And The Nails Are Falling Off

This is usually very common with athletes and runners, where they get injuries on their toes, thereby removing a nail or two.

However, it can also happen to just about anyone through an accident. If you get a damaged nail bed where the nail looks to be falling off, then you need to reconsider getting a pedicure.

The nails, in this case, are usually too sensitive and can cause severe discomfort and lead to possible infection.

You can wait for the wound to heal and for the nail to begin to regrow before going in for a spa treatment.

What Should I Avoid After a Pedicure?

How Often Should You Get a PedicureStep by Step Guide ” class=”wp-image-274″ width=”837″ height=”837″ />
How Often Should You Get a Pedicure – A Step by Step Guide

What you get during a spa treatment generally depends on the length of your appointment. So that naturally, you would expect more quality pampering the longer your pedicure last.

However, there are things you must avoid doing immediately after your pedicure. Avoiding these things partly will result in better results and somewhat keep your feet looking pristine for much longer.

Some of the things you need to avoid after a pedicure include getting your feet wet and walking about in covered shoes.

The steps below should help you understand what to expect during a regular pedicure session:

Step 1: Cleansing and soaking

Most spa treatments generally begin with this – with your feet soaked in warm water and then cleansed. This helps to soften the skin and prepare it for the next step.

Step 2: Cutting and Filing

During this step, one foot is taken out of the footbath, dried off and the nails are trimmed and filed into a very uniform and attractive shape. All these happen while the other foot remains inside the warm water.

Step 3: Cuticle treatment

Once the nails have been properly shaped, the technician will apply a cuticle cream to all your toenails and then gently push back the cuticles giving the nails a much appealing appearance.

Step 4: Exfoliating and foot filing

Here, the nail technician will first apply an exfoliate cream all over the foot before using a foot file to carefully and gently remove dead cells under your foot.

Step 5: Moisturizing and massaging

Once the exfoliation is done, the next stage is often very pleasurable – including the use of rich moisturizing creams and aromatherapy oils and massage.

The skin around your feet and the bottom of your feet will receive acupressure or a reflexology-based massage to refresh and relax you.

Step 6: Polishing

Nail polishing is optional but generally, give the best pedicure appearance. Once the massage is complete, a base coat and a top coat polish will be applied to each toenail. The goal of using both polishes is to boost durability and provide extra protection for the nails.

Once these are done, the nails are allowed to dry, preferably under a UV lamp, to hasten the drying process.

How Soon Can You Shower After Pedicure?

Soon after the polish has been applied, your nails might appear dry after one or two hours. They may even feel dry when you touch them.

Yet, the saying “looks can be deceiving” is very accurate in this case. That the nails feel dry doesn’t mean they are dried and can be allowed near the water.

Hence, you will require about 12 – 24 hours before you can shower after a pedicure. And anything short of this can ruin the pristine look.

In the same vein, you will need to wait an entire week if you intend to go and swim in a pool filled with chlorine, as the chemical is widely known for removing nail polishes.


In a world where we all are constantly on the move, our feet serve a critical role in our day to day life.

And because we use them so often, getting a pedicure is not only a luxury but a necessity. Not only does it help to give you a delicate appearance, but it also brings the necessary therapy and healing that your feet so badly needs.

However, you will need to carefully follow the instructions provided above to ensure this helpful and beautiful experience does not become detrimental to your health.     

How to harvest cabbage – Simple Step-by-Step guide [2022]

When you learn how to harvest cabbage, you’ll have a mixed vegetable that can be cooked or eaten raw while also providing nutritional benefits. Knowing when to harvest it allows you to obtain the most nutritional value out of the vegetable when it comes to cabbage. 

Learning how to harvest cabbage doesn’t have to be a hassle. Cutting is the most effective method for harvesting cabbage. Leave the loose outer leaves clinging to the stem and cut at the lowest place feasible. After the cabbage head is removed, a later cabbage harvest of sprouts will develop on the branch. So it’s especially vital to know when to pick cabbage if there’s a chance of rain. 

Excessive rains or overwatering can split mature heads, rendering them inedible. Harvesting cabbage should take place before the cabbage heads are harmed by hail. The best flavor comes from harvesting cabbage at the correct time. In addition, you can get more nutritional benefits from cabbage plants, such as Vitamins A, C, K, B6, and dietary fiber if you do it at the right time. Do you want to learn how to harvest cabbage? Continue reading to find out.

How to harvest cabbage

Mastering cabbage isn’t a difficult task; it can be carried out in a few easy steps. So let’s get down to the essential details.

  • When the heads have reached the desired size and firmness, harvest them. On the other hand, mature leaders left on the stem may split. Most green cabbage types have a 70-day maturity period and yield 1- to 3-pound heads.
  • Cut each cabbage head at the base with a sharp knife to harvest. Remove any yellow leaves (retain loose green leaves for storage protection) and bring the head indoors or into the shade as soon as possible. Pull up the plant (roots and all) and hang it in a wet cellar with temps near freezing.
  • To gain two crops, cut the cabbage head from the plant, leaving the outer leaves and root in the garden. New charges will appear on the plant; pluck them off until only four or five smaller heads remain. When the fruit reaches the size of a tennis ball, it is ideal for salads; it is time to harvest it. To avoid disease, remove the entire stem and root system from the soil after harvesting. Only compost healthy plants; any with a maggot infestation should be destroyed.
  • Give a cabbage head a 180° twist at ground level if it starts to crack before you’re ready to harvest it; the twist will break off part of the roots and slow the head’s growth. Give the plant another 90° twist to slow the development even more. This will inhibit maturity and postpone the harvesting of leaders that aren’t needed right away.

Pulling out cabbage stalks and roots left over after harvest and overwintering them in a trench dug in the garden and covered with straw or in a container stored in a chilly garage over the winter will help you get a jump on next season. This concludes our guide on how to harvest cabbage; however, there is still more to learn.

How to harvest cabbage
How to harvest cabbage

When to Harvest Cabbage

Now that we have discussed how to harvest cabbage in detail, when can you harvest your cabbage? To give you be the best shot at flexibility, we have made a list of things to watch out for. 

  • Cabbage comes in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. It’s crucial to research the kind you’re cultivating so you know what to expect. Some types can be left in the garden for weeks after they are firm and solid, while others must be harvested immediately.
  • Early or spring cabbages take 50 to 60 days to develop. Early spring plantings of midseason types need 75 to 85 days to achieve full size. From transplanting to harvest, late-season or storage cultivars take 85 to 200 days.
  • Cabbages grow best in temperatures ranging from 55° to 75°F/13° to 24°C.
  • Cabbage is a spring and fall crop in cold winter climates. Cabbage is a winter crop in warm-weather regions.
  • Cabbage heads can resist temperatures as low as 20°F (-6°C), but remove the crop out of the garden or cover it with straw if a hard freeze is expected.
  • On each plant, one head of cabbage for the fall harvest will form. More extensive, more complex charges should be set aside for long-term storage. Within a month or so, use the rest.
  • Cabbage harvested in the spring or summer can yield two, three, or four heads before winter. Harvest winter or spring-planted cabbage heads while they are tiny, no more significant than a softball. 

When cutting the initial head, cut as near to the head as possible while leaving as much of the stem as feasible, as well as four to five of the plant’s lower leaves. A tiny, loosehead (about the size of a baseball) will sprout from each leaf left on the stem. 

These mini-cabbages make delicious salads and may be stored in the refrigerator for several weeks. However, learning how to harvest cabbage is just the beginning of the journey to having a tasty cabbage meal or a profitable crop sale. The following sections will show you how to store your cabbage.


How to Freeze Cabbage

Cabbage has traditionally been a popular winter vegetable due to its ability to preserve well. If you can keep your cabbage in the appropriate atmosphere, it can last for weeks or even months. Because that’s what most of us have to deal with, we’ll show you how to keep the cabbage in the refrigerator.

If you have a root cellar, on the other hand, you’re in luck! That room is excellent for preserving cabbage over the winter, and we have several suggestions for doing so. We couldn’t leave you without some delectable cabbage recipes, though.

  • Begin by cleaning your cabbage and clipping away any excess leaves. If you get your cabbage from a farm stand or garden, you’ll want to take extra precautions to ensure that there aren’t any insects hiding out in the cabbage leaves.
  • Next, soak the cabbage heads for half an hour in a saltwater solution (1-3 Tbsp. salt per gallon of water). You can alternatively soak the cabbage for a few hours in unsalted water.
  • After carefully washing your cabbage, chop it into quarters. Make sure to leave the stem at the bottom of each quarter to keep it together.
  • Heat a large pot of water.
  • Place the cabbage quarters in boiling water for 3 minutes to blanch them. Then, quickly immerse them in ice water to chill.
  • Pat the cabbage quarters dry when it has cooled. Place the cookie sheet in the freezer for 12 hours or so to flash freeze.
How to harvest cabbage
How to harvest cabbage

How to Store Cabbage

Was learning how to harvest cabbage worth it? If it was, then you will defiantly need to know how to store it the right way. This is where this section comes in. follow these suggestions to get your desired storage results. 

  • It’s challenging to generate cold and moist storage. Refrigerators keep the air cool, but they also dry it out. A root cellar or garden storage mound or pit is an alternative to refrigerator storage. Store cabbage at 32°-40°F (0°-4°C) and 95 percent relative humidity in a relaxed, wet environment. 
  • Remove any loose leaves and clip the cabbage head so that only a short stem remains, then wrap it in a moist paper towel and place it in a perforated plastic bag in the refrigerator’s vegetable crisper section. You can buy perforated plastic bags or make your own by using a whole bunch or a sharp tool to punch 20 holes in a plastic bag.
  • Cabbage will keep for three to four weeks in the refrigerator. Cabbages emit a pungent stench as they breathe, so a strong cabbage odor in the fridge is not uncommon over time.
  • To keep the cabbage in a root cellar, store the entire plant, including the roots and head: Place cabbage heads in rows on shelves several inches apart, hang them from the ceiling with a cord, or store them wrapped in many layers of newspaper on the floor.
  • In a garden pit or mound, you can also keep cabbage. Dig a hole 2 or 212 feet (61-76 cm) deep and line it with a thick layer of straw for insulation to make a cabbage storage pit in the garden. 
  • Before storing cabbage, do not wash it or remove the outer leaves. The best storage is solid heads picked with outside wrapping leaves. To avoid bruising, handle heads with care.
  • Cabbage can be stored for 3 to 4 months in a cold, wet environment.
  • Check stored cabbages frequently and discard any heads that have turned yellow or have a rotten odor.

How do you grow the best cabbage?

No half-baked information here; we want to give you the total package. Alongside learning how to harvest cabbage, we also come bearing tips on how you can grow the best cabbages.

  • Cut the central cabbage head as close to the root as possible with a sharp knife, leaving as much of the stem in the ground as feasible. Because the origins of the cabbage plant are shallow, handle it cautiously during harvest. It’s easy to twist the roots out of place by accident, but they need to stay in firm touch with the soil to continue doing their vital task of water uptake. If this happens, no baby cabbage sprouts will emerge.
  • Don’t abandon the cabbage plant after the initial harvest and expect sprouts to form without a little gentle, loving care. It requires the same level of care as a baby cabbage plant that has just been planted from seed. Because droughts followed by intensive watering might cause the heads to grow too quickly and split, provide continuous moisture. It will be more challenging to store them, and they will be more prone to pests and illness.
  • Slowing the growth of cabbages in the garden by field holding is a viable option. This strategy is often employed when heavy rain is expected to prevent the heads from absorbing too much water and splitting before harvest.

Does Chinese cabbage regrow after cutting?

After chopping Chinese cabbage, it might regenerate. You may regrow Chinese cabbage by propagating cabbage cuttings in the water and planting them in the soil. Furthermore, once the Chinese cabbage harvest is harvested, the plant still has the power to sprout a new cabbage.

How to harvest cabbage: Conclusion

We have covered all you need to know about harvesting cabbage and what to do with cabbage when you’re ready to consume. We also discussed how you could preserve it. There are so many great cabbage recipes out there; with your knowledge of how to harvest cabbage, they can be made a reality.

Step by Step Guide to Fix a Fuel Pump without Replacing It [Video]

For your car to move, it needs fuel. And to be able to use it, the fuel needs to be moved from the tank where it is stored to the combustion cylinder where it is burned. (How to Fix a Fuel Pump Without Replacing It)

The fuel pump does this all-important job. This means that for the mechanical reaction that helps move your car from location A to location B to happen, your fuel pump needs to be performing properly.

But like all things mechanical, your fuel pump can break down and, sometimes, at the most inconvenient places. This could happen while you are on the road and far from your mechanic or any other mechanic, for that matter.

 Even when it breaks down at the house, replacing it may be quite expensive and out of your budget at the time.

For these reasons, it is important to learn how to fix a fuel pump without replacing it. This life hack will not only save you some dollars but may also be critical to your safety at some point.

You will also learn to know when your fuel pumps need fixing and how long the job will take.

How to Fix a Fuel Pump Without Replacing It

Fuel pumps get worn out all the time. This is both a natural and very common occurrence. The reasons differ according to several factors, yet it happens even to the best of us.

So, if you find yourself by the roadside, needing a temporal fix for your fuel pump and wondering how to go about it. The answer is straightforward.


First, run a quick test to confirm the main problem and then attend to that specific problem or consult the owner’s manual if the issue is more complex.

But this is a simplified and broad answer. The actual work occurs in a linear process, with each step being very vital to the overall success.

What Is A Fuel Pump?

A fuel pump can be defined as the part of your car engine whose primary task is to supply the combustion cylinder in the car engine with fuel from the tank.

The fuel pump is usually controlled by a relay which is, in turn, controlled by the ignition switch. However, the relays can also be controlled by ECM in certain cars.

Conversely, a faulty fuel pump typically fails to support fuel flow to the engine or does so very slowly. Consequently, this can cause the engine to stutter, forcing the car to jerk or even shut down completely.

What Are the Signs of a Bad Fuel Pump?

Luckily for us all, a fuel pump usually doesn’t just suddenly break down. It shows some signs and symptoms that indicate that it is about to give out.

Generally, a fuel pump will start to wear out after working for 100,000 miles or more. Even though this may also depend on the type of car, some signs help us diagnose the bad state of a fuel pump.

Some of these signs include an engine that sputters, overheat, or surges, low fuel pressure, sudden and frequent power loss, a sharp decrease in gas mileage, or even an outright dead engine.

Trouble Starting

Having difficulty getting your car to start can be a solid sign that the fuel is starting to wear out. This is because the fuel pump is also responsible for creating the pressure that causes the car to start whenever you turn the ignition.

Whining Noise from the Engine

This is a “wirrrrr” sound made specifically from the fuel tank. An aging fuel pump makes this sound usually due to difficulty working. The sound can be due to several things, including bad fuel or even low fuel, but it is an important sign to watch out for.

Sputtering Engine

An improper mixture of fuel and air can be responsible for a sputtering engine, but this generally happens before the car moves. However, if you notice your engine sputtering at high speed, then you may want to step out and check the fuel pump.

Overheating Engine

Another way to also diagnose a faulty fuel pump is to see if your engine is overheating. When the fuel pump is bad, it gets easily hot, overheats, and transfers this hotness to the rest of the engine.

Surging Engine

A faulty fuel pump is characterized by the tendency to send in too much fuel or not enough fuel. When the bad fuel pump sends in too much fuel, you may notice your car suddenly picking up then dropping abruptly. This is what we refer to as an engine surge, and you might need to keep an eye out for that.

Low Fuel Pressure

For this diagnosis, you will need to consult the owner’s manual to find out the recommended fuel pressure of your car. Once you know this, you can rev up the engine and read the pressure gauge to see if it hits the stated level. If the pressure is low, then you need to attend to your fuel pump.

Decreased Gas Mileage

Every car has a defined number of mileages each amount of fuel is supposed to take it. When you observe the gas mileage dropping, you should know that the fuel pump is faulty and sending in more fuel than it normally would.

Loss of Power

A bad fuel pump might not send in enough fuel causing the car to lose power in certain instances. And this is a terrible sign as it can put your safety at risk if the car losses power in places like a steep hill.

Dead Engine

The many problems that can occur in your car fuel pump can culminate and kill your engine completely. Thereby causing you to be unable to start the vehicle until the matter is attended to.

How Many Hours Does It Take To Replace A Fuel Pump?

Once you can correctly tell that your fuel pump is bad by observing any of the above signs, the next logical thing to do would be to fix it without replacing it or replace it completely if you see that the entire assembly is damaged.

To fix a faulty fuel pump, you would need between 3 – 6 hours if it is your first time or 30 -45 minutes if you are already skilled in this area.

Car owners agree that the task of fixing a fuel pump is not so much in the time or cost (as it would cost about $20 – $150) as it is in the effort and labor involved.

How To Fix a Fuel Pump Without Replacing It

You might get caught in a place where hiring a mechanic to do the job is totally out of the question. For this reason, you will need to know how to do it yourself. But before you get straight to the fuel pump, be sure to first check with the following units:

  • Confirm that the fuel level is optimal and that there is enough fuel in the tank
  • Check to see if your car is making any unusual sound, then use the owner’s manual to confirm that it is, in fact, due to a faulty pump.
  • Check the fuel filter to know whether it is blocked or not
  • Pull out the fuel pressure regulator to confirm whether there is fuel on it

Once you have confirmed all the above parameters and are sure that the fuel pump needs fixing, you can then follow these simple steps to get the job done:

Step 1: Check with your owner’s manual to know what you are looking for and be sure you are doing the right thing.

Step 2: Open the fuel pressure and find the vacuum line that connects to it. Then remove the line and confirm if there is fuel on it. If there is then, we can conclude that the regulator is faulty.

Step 3: Connect the vacuum line and replace the regulator.

Step 4: Look for the protective cap and remove it before attaching the fuel pressure gauge using its hose.

Step 5: Test for fuel pressure by fitting the fuel gauge with the right adapter and test port. The test port might differ according to the vehicle’s make, so consult with your owner’s manual to be sure. You might even need to use a fuel filter adapter if you can’t find the fuel test port.

Step 6: Next, start the ignition and read the gauge. If the gauge rises to 45 – 58 PSI and the throttle body injector goes as high as 13 – 17 PSI, you can surmise that the pump is working properly with the electrical parts.

However, if the gauge doesn’t reflect any pressure, you will need to check the fuse and fuel pump relays.

Step 7: If the pressure then drops to 52 PSI and remains there during warm-up, then rises to 57 PSI when you accelerate, then you will know that the turbocharger is working at optimal conditions.

Step 8: Allow the engine to continue running for some time. If the pressure remains steadily at 52 PSI, then we can conclude that your fuel is not the cause of the problem.

Step 9: You will know that the fuel filter is clogged if you notice the pressure drop lower than 52 PSI as the engine continues to warm up.

When this happens, you will need to work on the filter using the previously connected hose to push or suck out the impurities clogging it. Or you may choose to replace it with a new one if you have been using it for too long.

Step 10: Place a thick cotton towel under the test gate so that it can soak up the excess fuel that will pour when the hose is pulled out.

Next, place one end of the hose into the towel until the fuel in the tube runs out, and it is empty.

Step 11: Finally, replace the dust cap and clean it up with a towel. Also, check to be sure there is no leakage before closing the bonnet.


Summarily, your car won’t work unless your fuel pump works. We already explained that it is what supplies the engine with the fuel to move.

Therefore, every driver must learn how to take care of this important component of their car.

Knowing how to fix a fuel pump without replacing it is a skill that you need to have. No doubt, it will take you some effort and many hours to master it at first, but once you get the hang of it, it will take you less than an hour to get this problem sorted.

Step to Step Guide to Fix Stripped Screw Hole [Video]

Screw helps us hold things in place. They combine with hinges to hold doors to door frames, cabinet doors, chest lids and other places around the house. How to Fix Stripped Screw Hole

When they hold things in common places that witness frequent movement, such as entry doors, their grip on the wall can weaken with time until they eventually fall out.

But they can also loosen when the places they join encounter sudden stress, like when a drawer is dropped accidentally on a hard surface.

All of these can cause wear-and-tear, which simply implies that the screws have lost their strength which usually comes from the way their threads wedge into a surface.

A loose screw and a stripped screw hole can no longer hold anything in place and can even be responsible for some hazards around the house.

It will need fixing, whether a quick or more permanent fix. Luckily, this can be a very simple exercise, but you will need first to learn how to fix stripped screw hole if you intend to do it yourself.

You can go with either of these options; fill the screw hole with toothpicks or matches sticks and re-drive the screw, fill the hole with automotive fillers, re-insert the screw, use a hardwood plug, or simply replace the stripped screw with a larger screw.

We will consider each method shortly but first, let us see what causes stripped screw holes.


What Causes a Stripped Screw Hole?

When screws weaken or completely fall out, it becomes harder or riskier to use the surfaces they join together.

Stripped screw holes can be caused by different problems, with the most common ones including natural wear, low-quality materials and improper screw installations.

Natural Cause

The most common reason why most screws wear and tear is often from a long period of use. The longer you use the surface, the wider the screw holes become.

And as this happens over time and the holes get bigger and bigger, the screws are bound to weaken and fall out eventually.

Inferior Quality Materials

We all know how using materials of low quality can affect the durability of any item. With screws, using screws, wood fibre, or other surfaces of inferior quality can cause the surface to tear and the screw to fall off under even the minimal pressure or sooner than you would expect.

Improper Screw Installation

Another very common thing that may cause stripped screws is improper installations. When you exert too much force or pressure while installing the screw, it can cause the surface to tear, thereby making it impossible to hold the screw in place for a long time.

Also, mixing the wrong screw size and the wrong hole size is considered improper installation as it means the screw will not fit the hole.

Accidental or Constant Vibrations

Screws may also loosen due to accidents when a cabinet or drawer is dropped accidentally. They may also get weak when the items they join experience constant vibration over a long time.

How to Fix Stripped Screw Hole

Because of how important fixing a stripped screw hole is, the process should be as simple as possible.

These are the most common methods to fix a loose screw depending on the type of hole and the availability of time and tools.

Using Toothpicks

This is considered a very quick fix for smaller holes. The method may be simple, requiring only minimal effort and tools, yet it is not ineffective.

Step 1: Insert the toothpicks.

Insert the tip of as many toothpicks as you can into the small hole. You can do it by inserting one toothpick at a time, but don’t stop until you have the hole filled up.

Step 2: Apply glue to the toothpicks

Squeeze some drops of glue all over the toothpicks and use your finger or a cotton swab to spread the glue so that it reaches every part of the toothpicks.

You can use any glue you have at home for this or simply purchase from a hardware store or online if you don’t have any.

Step 3: Push the toothpick all the way into the hole

Stick the toothpicks into the hole to lie as deep as possible, then use a hammer to snap off the ends sticking outside.

Step 4: Allow curing for 1 hour.

You can allow the toothpick and glue to sit for at least 1 hour. This will allow for the glue to fuse the toothpicks to the inside of the hole.

Step 5: Sand the surface

Sand the entire surface where the toothpicks went in to make it smooth. Sanding it properly will provide an even surface for the incoming screw.

Step 6: Re-insert the screw.

The final step is to put back the screw. You can do this using a screwdriver or drill to turn the screw clockwise until it enters the hole completely.

The screw should be able to sit well now that it has other material to wedge into.

Using Plastic Wall Plugs as Anchor

This is also considered a very easy fix, especially if some plastic wall plugs are lying around. If you don’t or have some bigger than the screw, you can get some online or from the hardware store.

Just remember to buy and use those that match the same stripped screw to avoid improper installation, as we described earlier.

Step 1: Get some plastic wall plugs.

These are cheap and readily available but be sure that your screws will fit perfectly in them.

Step 2: Make a new hole.

This is only if the plugs are bigger than the stripped holes. However, if the plastic plugs fit into the existing holes, you can skip this step.

Step 3: Insert the plastic plug into each hole

Begin to insert each plug by using your hand to push it into the hole. Try not to exert too much pressure, but if the plug isn’t going in, you can use a hammer to tap gently on the head until it is completely flushed with the hole.

Step 4: Re-insert the screw.

Now that your plastic plugs are in place to give the screws new support to wedge their threads, use a screwdriver or drill to re-insert them back into the holes.

How Do You Fix A Screw Hole That is Too Big?

When the stripped hole has become too big for the screw, you can fix it by using automotive fillers, wood strips, or a larger screw with more aggressive threads.

Using Automotive Fillers

This method is reserved for larger holes that toothpicks and plastic plugs will not work for. Also, it may not be as easy as the above methods but is not complicated either.

Step 1: Purchase some automotive fillers.

These putty-like compounds are not things we generally have within the house, so you may need to buy some from an auto body shop or online. Ask for a description of how to mix if you have never used these before.

Step 2: Drill a new hole over the stripped screw hole

Using a drill an inch larger than the screw, bore a new hole into where the screw was removed.

This is important as it will allow the automotive filler to fill the hole enough to create the support that the screw needs to cast new threads.

Step 3: Mix the automotive fillers.

Pour the compounds according to the instructions into a surface such as a piece of cardboard, then mix properly using a putty knife.

This will allow for the activation of the ingredients contained in the fillers as they start to harden.

Step 4: Fill up the hole you made

Use the mixed fillers to fill the hole you bore earlier. Use the same putty knife and scoop the fillers, then run it over the hole.

Continue to do this until the hole is filled up.

Step 5: Lubricate your screw.

Spread a lubricant all over each screw. This will make it easier to remove the screws once the automotive filler has completely hardened.

Step 6: Insert the screw into the fillers

Gently push the lubricated screw into the wet fillers. While it is still wet, a hardened filler will make it harder to insert the screw. Ensure you position the screw at the canter of the holes before you push them in.

Step 7: Allow standing for about 5 minutes.

Allow the screws remain in the putty for about 5 minutes each before unscrewing them out. This would have allowed the screws to form new threads without the putty getting too hard for the screw to be taken out.

Step 8: Allow the putty with the newly formed threads to dry overnight

Allowing the newly formed hole to sit overnight gives it enough time to solidify to hold the screw in place when you re-insert it.

Step 9: Re-insert the screw into the hole

After the hole has been allowed to dry overnight, you can use a screwdriver or drill to insert the screw into the hole.

Using Strips of Wood

This method also works for larger holes but only when you can lay hands on the same wood species or similar species.

The trick here is to fill the hole with wood strips that will behave the same as the original wooden surface to provide similar support for the screw and prevent faster wear and tear.

Step 1: Get the strips of wood.

Make strips by cutting small strips from the same type of wood. If you don’t have any piece of wood of the same type of lumber, you can purchase some.

Step 2: Dip the strips into some glue

Dip the small strips into wood glue until they are properly saturated with the glue.

Step 3: Fill up the hole with the strips

Put the strips into the stripped screw hole until it is filled. Then allow sitting for 3 – 5 hours so that it dries properly.

Step 4: Sand the surface

Once the wood strips and glue have dried up and attached to the hole, you can sand the surface to provide an even area for the screw.

Step 5: Re-insert the screw.

Use a proper screwdriver or drill to drive back the screw into the hole. The screw should now sit in place.

Using a Larger Screw

This is a final resort for fixing stripped holes that are too big. It works perfectly when you see that the hole has become too large for the old screw or when you have larger screws and not the other materials we mentioned above.

But only use a screw that is just a little bit longer and larger than the previous screw. Using a screw that is too big can cause damage to the surface.

The steps are as simple as pulling out the smaller screw and replacing them with the slightly bigger one with rougher or more aggressive threads.


Stripped screw holes are things that happen all the time, both from natural and accidental causes.  Not everyone knows this, but fixing these holes is simple.

Depending on the size of the stripped hole and what materials you have readily available, you can use any of the methods and steps described above.

Regardless of which path you choose, you will be sure to have the screws fully flushed with the holes and the joints usable and working again.


How to fix a dent in the wall in 7 easy steps [2021]

Wall dents are nearly as prevalent as car dents. It is unavoidable. Patterns aren’t always preventable, but they’re not unheard of, especially when metal corner guards are used to protect them. Fortunately, with this guide, learning how to fix a dent in the wall is a rather basic and straightforward procedure. {How to fix a dent in the wall}

A simple step-by-step guide on how to fix a dent in the wall:

  • Obtain the necessary materials.The affected area should be cleaned.
  • Using a light sandpaper, lightly sand the dent and its surroundings.
  • Overcoat the dent with primer.
  • With the putty knife, spread the putty or compound into and around the dent, filling it in until the edge matches the rest of the wall.

Do you need a more detailed approach? Continue reading and we will lead you by the hand, covering even the smallest details. When you see a dent or a hole in the wall, you might believe you need to call a professional to fix it. 

In reality, a dent in the wall does not require the services of a repairman. Small to medium-sized holes and dents in drywall may usually be repaired quickly. All it takes is the correct paint colour, some putty, and possibly some drywall if the damage is severe. Next, we will be stepping right into the details involved in learning how to fix a dent in the wall.

Size up the Damage

Let’s start by defining the various sorts of damage so you know what a dent is. A dent is a gouge in your drywall that doesn’t go all the way through to the other side. A hole is created when something penetrates a material completely. A dent differs from a scratch or mark in that it does not create a hole in the drywall.

Note: Some drywall damage may only need to be puttied up and not require substantial repair. Size up your dent or hole before you go to the store because the amount of damage will dictate what supplies you need and the steps in the repair process. 

Anything smaller than a half dollar can easily be covered with putty or another drywall compound, while anything larger will require a new piece of drywall to be installed.

All you need is a small amount of putty to repair a dent in the wall. A more extensive repair can be required for additional dents. The supplies you’ll need and how you’ll fix it will be determined by the extent of the damage. If the dent is less than half a loonie, drywall compound, putty, or any comparable material will typically suffice. You’ll probably require new plastered-in drywall if it’s bigger than a loonie.


Without any further delay, let’s get into the details on how to fix a dent in the wall.

how to fix a dent in the wall
how to fix a dent in the wall

How to fix a dent in the wall – Simple guide

1. Get your repair supplies

It’s not a full-fledged hole in the wall if there’s a dent. A putty knife, putty or drywall compound, primer, sandpaper, and paint and paintbrush to paint the entire wall are all you’ll need as long as it’s a little dent. 

You won’t need much to get the putty in and paint over if you know the colour of paint you used and it was recently painted. A putty knife, putty or drywall compound, primer, 120 grit sandpaper or a sanding sponge, the same colour paint as the rest of the wall, and the same brush used to paint it originally are all required.

2. Use wall putty

Other things that some people use are temporary and seldom lasting repairs, so you don’t have to utilize putty. Some people have used toothpaste or white bar soap if the dent is really small. However, these materials are not long-lasting. Invest in quality putty or drywall compound that will complete the job perfectly the first time.

3. Use your primer

Apply your primer to the dent on the wall now that it’s dry and sanded. A primer will seal the area and protect it from water and moisture in the future. A sanded dry dent is your best bet for getting the putty or drywall compound to set. Allow the primer to dry once more after it has been applied.

4. Spread the putty around the dent

The third step on how to fix a dent in the wall is equally important. Apply putty to the inside and outside of the dent with your putty knife. Fill in the ding until it is flush with the surrounding wall. You want it to resemble a smooth surface with no edges as much as possible. To assist disguise the fix, feather the compound out from the damage with your knife. Allow it to dry after you’ve finished.

5. Re-evaluate after 24hrs

Try waiting for around 24 hours before proceeding to the following step for safety’s sake. After you’ve repaired a dent in the wall, ensure sure the putty is completely dried. Once it’s done, double-check the work. If your compound has shrunk or has putty, repeat the process and add more putty. Of course, this means you’ll have to wait another day before continuing to repair the dent in the wall. But don’t despair. It’ll all be worth it in the end.

6. Sand the putty

After the putty has dried completely, sand it smooth with a paper or sponge. Wearing a protective mask during this portion of the operation is highly recommended. This will keep the putty’s hazardous powdered ingredients from getting into your lungs.

7. Paint over the fixed area

The seventh step on how to fix a dent in the wall is to paint over your repaired wall. Evaluate your work before you begin painting. Dry the putty and sand it flat against the wall. Paint over the dent with the same colour as the wall to make it unnoticeable. 

Make every effort to match the wall’s texture and any other distinguishing qualities. Allow for drying time. You’re finished when it’s dried. This is how a ding in the wall is repaired. This rounds up our list on how to fix a dent in the wall.

how to fix a dent in the wall
how to fix a dent in the wall

How much does it cost to repair a dent in the wall?

Experts estimate that drywall repair will cost between $50 and $75 per hole, totalling between $150 and $225. The location of the holes may influence the price for some handymen or drywall contractors.

What is the best way to fill holes in drywall?

The tiniest nail and screw holes are the easiest to work with: Fill them with spackling or wall joint compound using a putty knife. Allow the area to dry before lightly sanding it. Before the patching compound can be placed, any larger areas must be covered with a bridge material for added strength.

Can you paint over toothpaste?

Yes, you can. Although I don’t advocate it, it does work for small holes such as pinholes or nail holes. Make sure to rub white toothpaste into the hole. Because toothpaste is not designed to be painted, remove as much of the residue as possible without compromising the repair.

How do you fill cracks before painting?

Scrape the wall around the fissure with a stiff putty knife. Attempt to remove any flaking paint or any chunks of plaster that may have fallen off. Now cut into the fissure with the knife’s pointed point. Apply caulk to the crack with a caulk gun.

How do you fix small dents in plaster walls?

Scrape the cracked wall with a stiff putty knife. You should attempt to remove any peeling paint or any chunks of plaster that may have fallen off. To cut into the fracture, use the knife’s sharp point. Apply caulk to the crack using a caulk gun.

What can I use to fill nail holes in the wall?

With a putty knife, spackle the holes. Fill each nail hole with a slow dragging motion with the putty knife. Spackling paste is the ideal solution for permanently filling nail holes in plaster or drywall. Joint compound or patching compound are two other names for the same thing.

Can you drill holes in apartment walls?

You may require special nails for certain apartments, or you may need to drill holes in the walls to insert the nails. This might cause the plaster to crumble if done wrong. If you’re putting up something particularly hefty, make sure you find a wall stud to hammer the nail into.

How do you cover up a broken wall?

If you need a cheap and quick fix, tape a poster over the damaged area. If you can’t afford a large investment or a long-term change, conceal the problems with a cheap poster. To mount your poster to the wall, use masking tape, sticky poster strips, or thumbtacks in all four corners.

How to fix a dent in the wall: Conclusion

Knowing how to fix a dent in the wall is a very handy ability. You never know when you might have a dent on your wall which in turn comes with its own repair cost, depending on its size. We have covered a lot of ground on this topic. However, if you would like to find out more about how to fix a dent in the wall, drop a comment below and we will be glad to discuss further. 

Beginners Guide to How to Fix A Laptop Power Jack Without Soldering [Video]

A laptop is one of the many things that make our lives and jobs easier and smoother. But like all things made by man, even they are not exempted from several problems. {How to Fix A Laptop Power Jack }

Even though accidental slips and falls are the usual suspects when these things go bad, some are naturally occurring and can happen after long usage.

One of the many problems that a laptop could encounter is a power failure. This usually occurs when the power jack is faulty, preventing the power supply for the power adapter from reaching the laptop.

This particular problem is pressing because the power jack allows power to enter the laptop, and without it, the laptop would be completely cut off and will no longer work until the problem is fixed.

Faulty power jacks occur often, and many laptop users are familiar with these issues. Yet, not many people know that they can easily fix this without soldering or being taken to a specialist.

Soldering requires a level of expertise handling the tools, and taking it for repairs will cost you some money.

An alternative is to learn how to fix laptop power jack without soldering so that you can save yourself both time and money.

Do Laptop Power Adapters Go Bad?

Your laptop power adapter is a device that transfers power from the main grids to the laptop. This may sound simple, but it is not.


The current in the main grid is often in the AC form while your laptop consumes only DC. This means that the adapter has to perform the extra task of converting the AC to DC before supplying your laptop.

Such an intricate job is important to keep your laptop from burning. But aside from current conversions, adapters are also the first line of defense against any abnormalities from the main power source.

The adapter takes the burn so that other highly vital components are kept safe.

Your laptop can therefore go bad after a long time of heat and use. It can also go bad when a sudden power surge occurs.

When this happens, you will find out that your laptop will no longer charge because the adapter is no longer working.

What Causes a Power Adapter to Fail?

There are several reasons why your laptop adapter will fail to supply power to the laptop, and the most common reasons include age, breaks, burnouts, and cuts.

After an adapter has served for some time, it is only natural that it wears out as the lifetime of most electronics are finite, with some lasting longer than others.

An adapter may also fail when it burns out or when there is a cut anywhere on the connecting cable. You can easily spot the cuts when you look for them or try to feel through the wire.

This may be obvious, but an adapter can fail when not plugged properly into the power source. So you may need to confirm this before you start to panic.

If you are still unsure what the issue is with your adapter, try the following hacks to see if it gets resolved:

Hack 1: Troubleshoot the hardware

Most times, the most common challenges we face with our laptops are from the hardware. It is, therefore, a smart move to troubleshooting those hard components.

Start by unplugging the adapter from the outlet, then plug it into another outlet to confirm if the issue is from the first power outlet.

Unmount the battery and allow it to rest for about a minute before replacing it. Then connect the adapter again to see if anything changes.

Hack 2: Hard reset the laptop

Shut down the laptop before removing the battery. Then hold down the power button for about 30 seconds before releasing it.

Replace the battery and turn on the laptop. After it comes on, connect the charger to see if there is any change.

However, if you can accurately confirm that the adapter has gone bad, you can easily replace it as they usually only cost a few dollars. Replacement for your laptop adapter is often better than fixing it as they require too much expertise and effort.

An efficient way to extend the life expectancy of your adapter is always to unplug it while it is not in use. This is because even when while the cord is not plugged into a laptop, the adapter continues to use some electricity – something we now understand can damage your adapter faster.

If unplugging is not convenient, you may choose to use an energy-saving power strip, which can turn off all connected outlets when you turn off the devices.

How Do You Know If Laptop Battery Is Bad?

The battery can also be the major culprit in the refusal of your laptop to charge, yet this may be tricky to figure out if you don’t know what to look out for.

A typical laptop battery will serve you for at least two years before completely giving out. But how then can you tell when your laptop battery has gone bad?

By checking for signs such as overheating, refusal to charge, abrupt shutdowns, and replacement warnings by the operating system.


Laptops generally get a little warmer while we use them because they use electricity to do work and thereby emit some heat. This is often controlled by the fan and heat sink.

However, overheating can be taken as a sign of a dying battery.  This is because an ageing battery forces your laptop to create more heat than the fan can handle. The result is often a laptop that can burn your lap.

Refusal to charge

This is a symptom that isn’t exactly peculiar to a failing battery. However, when you begin to notice that your laptop doesn’t charge whenever you plug it in, or it charges for some time and stops, you may want to consider replacing the battery.

Decreased run time and abrupt shutdowns

A fully charged laptop can serve between 3 – 6 hours. This duration, of course, begins to dwindle as the battery ages.

However, if you notice that your laptop can only stay up for half an hour or less, you should know it is time to get a new battery.

In the same vein, a faulty battery is also responsible for computer crashes and sudden loss of power.

Replacement warning by the operating system

Another indicator that your battery has gone bad is when you start getting warnings from your computer’s operating system to replace your battery.

These indicators aim to let us know when the battery has now reached a critically low level of capacity. However, how it is displayed differs according to your operating system.

For instance, Windows usually place a red “X” over the battery. At the same time, Mac operating system will display any of these three short messages, “replace soon,” “replace now,” or “service battery” when you click on the battery icon.

How to Fix Laptop Power Jack without Soldering

How to Fix A Laptop Power Jack
Beginners Guide to How to Fix A Laptop Power Jack Without Soldering

To know whether or not you can fix your power jack without soldering, first, uncouple the computer – making sure to remember where you remove what screw – and confirm how the power jack is attached to the motherboard.

If the power jack is attached using wire connectors, then you can fix it without soldering. However, if it is soldered to the motherboard, then it would be impossible to fix it without soldering. Except you only want a temporary fix that can serve you for a day or two.

Fixing a power jack without soldering is very simple and takes only about 1 – 2 hours.

Also, first, confirm what type of problem your power jack is having as different problems require different fixes.

However, there are two very common power jack problems that can be fixed without soldering, and the steps for doing this are given below.

When the Jack Is Physically Damaged

A physically damaged power jack soldered directly to the motherboard can only be fixed by replacing it with a new one.

Step 1:  Purchase a new power jack. Depending on your brand of laptop, this can cost you anything from $12 – $26.

Step 2: Uncouple the laptop and head straight for the DC jack, then disconnect it from the motherboard using the connector.

Step 3: Replace the new power jack, applying a little pressure to keep it in place.

Step 4: Carefully put your computer back together. Be sure to fix the screws just how you took them out.

When there is a Damaged Wire or Disconnected Pin

Your entire jack could be still in perfect condition, and only a wire has been damaged, or only a pin has been disconnected. This is also quite easy to fix.

Step 1: Uncouple your computer, making sure to note where you removed each screw.

Step 2: Remove the DC jack from the motherboard using the connector.

Step 3: Use a multimeter to test the voltage on the power jack connectors. In a case where any wire or pin is out of place, the voltage would be lower than expected.

Step 4: Locate the affected wire or pin and join it properly. You can do this using tape, glue, and a silicone seal.

Step 5: Use the multimeter to test for voltage again. You will get the proper voltage if you have made the connection correctly.

Step 6: Reconnect the power jack to the motherboard and then carefully recouple your computer, remembering to put back all the screws just as you had taken them out.


Because laptops are now an intricate part of our culture and we can never be sure where they will develop problems, it is important to learn how to fix the laptop power jack without soldering.

However, before you jump in with screwdrivers and tapes, pause to confirm what exactly the problem is. Other common issues could be battery or adapter problems, and you need to make sure it is none of these.

Another confirmation you will need to make is whether or not you are allowed to lose your type of laptop.

And lastly, be sure that the power jack is attached with connectors to the motherboard and not soldered. With that, you can repair your power jack without soldering.

Step by Step Guide to Change a Tire [Video]

Dave is out to see family in the suburbs on a fine Friday evening. He plans to spend the weekend with them. Dave cruises down the highway feeling very spirited. It has been a long time since he went home. {How to Change a tire } Continue reading]

But suddenly, he hears a very loud sound from the backside of his car. He quickly presses down on the brakes and rushes out to see what happened just to find out he has got a flat.

He panics, unsure of what to do. He has never fixed a tire before. Maybe Google would help, so he pulls out his mobile phone only to see that it’s dead. He forgot to charge it all afternoon. Now he is stranded.

Don’t be like Dave. Learn the most basic life hacks – one of which is how to fix a tire. Knowledge like this tends to come very handily in a world full of automobiles and long trips.

How Long Does It Take To Change a Tire?

How to change a tire is one of the things you need to be taught when learning how to drive. But if by any chance you skipped that lesson, we are here to give you the lessons. The steps are simple, and literally, anyone can follow them and change a tire or two.

Yet, how long it takes to change a tire does not have a straightforward answer as it depends on the situation and who is changing the tire.

When Done By a Professional

A professional is simply anyone who has huge experience in dealing with cars, such as a mechanic. It is something they do regularly; hence they can get the job done faster than a non-professional.

It would take a mechanic about 5 – 15 minutes to change one tire. They usually spend about 10 minutes fixing one flat and about 40 minutes fixing all four tires (if need be).


When Done With Roadside Assistance

Getting a flat while on the highway is common but getting roadside assistance isn’t as common. For instance, it would usually take about 50 minutes for help to arrive if you call for roadside assistance.

In any case, it would take between 15 – 30 minutes to change a tire. Sometimes, you may get assisted by a more qualified person, which could cut the time to about 10 minutes.

When You Do it Yourself

Even this can depend on a few variables. For instance, do you have all the equipment, and is this your first attempt?

Needless to say, it would take you lesser time if you have all that is required and if you already have some experience changing tires.

If you have the required tools and some experience, it will take about 15 – 20 minutes to change one flat tire. However, this can extend to 30 minutes or more if it is your first time.

What Are The 3 Things You Need to Change a Tire?

Changing a tire by yourself takes both experience and tools. Knowing how to do it is just as important as having the right tools.

The three most important items you will need to have present when you get a flat are:

  1. A spare tire
  2. A lug wrench
  3. A jack

A spare tire is usually an extra tire that many drivers carry along in their boot, and you should have one too. The spare tire may either be full-size or space-saver (also sometimes called “donut”).

Of course, the full-size spares are better when talking about safety, but they are harder to store and carry around. And because the temporary space-saver spares usually do the trick and get drivers out of flat troubles, many drivers carry them around.

Whichever of these two you have, you will always need to ensure that it is in perfect condition and with the right air pressure.

A lug wrench is a handy tool that contains a socket that matches the size of the lug nuts on the car wheels. They are therefore used for loosening those nuts. Opposite the socket side is a pry bar that can remove the hub cap or be used for prying off the wheel hub in the instance where it is stuck.

The longer the handle of your lug wrench, the easier it would be for you to apply the needed force on the nuts.

A jack is a device used in lifting the sides of the vehicle off the ground. This is usually done to make it easier to remove and replace the tires.

Jacks come in different shapes and types, with the two most common types being scissors and bottle jacks. Scissors jacks are the most common since they are easier to carry along. On the other hand, bottle jacks are less compact but more powerful since they use hydraulic fluids to function rather than mechanical mechanisms.

A fourth very important tool you will need is the owner’s manual. You will need to consult this at every turn as you work the flat tire.

Other common essentials that you may also require include:

  1. Wheel blocks
  2. Tire gauge
  3. Flashlight
  4. A flat wooden block to stand the jack
  5. Hand gloves

However, these items do not play a central role when changing a flat and can easily be substituted with other alternatives.

How to Change a Flat Tire

Step 1: Prepare your car

You first want to be sure you are in a safe place. If you get a flat where you are not confident about your safety, you need to keep the vehicle moving until you find a safer place.

Then park the car and apply the handbrake, turn on your hazard lights or “flashers” before taking out the spare tire and other tools you need.

Step 2: Use wheel blocks to secure the car

Place wheel blocks behind the tires to prevent the vehicle from sliding backward when using the jack.

If you only have one block, place it behind the tire opposite the flat one. If you don’t have wheel blocks, you can use wooden blocks or heavy stones to keep the car in place.

Step 3: Use the lug to loosen the nuts

Fix the wrench socket into the wheel nuts and begin to turn anti-clockwise until the nut begins to loosen. It is usually advisable to do this while the wheel is on the ground because it is easier and safer.

Turn each nut until it is loosened partially enough to be screwed off by hand.

Step 4: Jack up the car

Consult the owner’s manual to find out where the dedicated jacking points are under your car. Then position the jack at the point, making sure to place a small wooden block or plank under the jack to keep it stable.

Begin to jack up the car until the flat tire is about 10 – 15 cm off the ground.

Step 5: Pull out the flat tire

After you have raised the tire is off the ground, finish unscrewing the nut and gently pull the flat tire towards you until it comes off completely.

Place it aside, then bring the spare closer.

Step 6: Install the spare tire.

Replace the flat with the spare like how you removed the flat. Know that the spare may be heavier or lighter than the flat, depending on whether or not you are using a full-size spare tire.

Begin to replace the nuts one at a time, tightening each with your hand as you do so.

Step 7: Partially lower the car

Turn the jack the other way and lower the car until the edge of the spare tire touches the ground. You don’t need to completely lower it as the nuts are not fully in place yet. Then tighten the wheel nuts completely using the wrench.

Step 8: Completely lower the vehicle

Once the nuts are in place and tight enough, lower the car completely and remove the jack. You may give the nuts a final check for tightness before returning your tools.

Step 9: Clean up and continue your journey.

Clean up and check the spare tire air pressure. If you don’t have a tire gauge, you can drive to the nearest petrol station, use their gauge and even pump to the recommended pressure there before resuming your journey.

Don’t forget to take the flat tire for repairs when you arrive. The experts will advise you always to have a spare tire ready at every point.


 Knowing how to change a flat tire is a life hack that not many people have. And although the specific details such as jacking points may differ according to car type, the steps above should help you get the job done, generally speaking.

You should also always consult the manufacturer’s guide and always monitor your tires for any tread wears. This will not only help you change a flat safely, but it will also keep you safe at all times and while on the road.


How to unclog a kitchen sink: 5 effective methods that work

How to unclog a kitchen sink?| Having a clogged kitchen sink isn’t a pleasant situation. Thankfully, you can learn how to unclog a kitchen sink in five easy-to-implement ways. This article will be going in-depth on the essential details related to how to unclog a kitchen sink. Continue reading to learn more.  

How to unclog a kitchen sink:

  • Use boiling or hot water
  • A wire hanger will come in handy
  • Vinegar and Baking soda mix
  • Use a vacuum valve
  • Use your plunger and petroleum jelly

Until something goes wrong, we rarely think about the kitchen sink. However, it can be a significant hassle when our kitchen sink breaks down or clogs, especially if we don’t have a plunger. Keep in mind that a badly clogged kitchen sink can cause your entire household to be disrupted. 

Although plunging the drain usually clears the blockage, you may need a drill to clear the blockage. Uncomfortable events like having a clogged kitchen sink always happen at the oddest of times. Knowing how to unclog your kitchen sink is a handy skill. 

How to unclog a kitchen sink

1. Use boiling water

We’ve all experienced it, but it’s always embarrassing. Finally, you’ll discover how to unclog a kitchen sink with minimal stress. To solve the problem, starting by filling a pan with hot water is your best bet when you notice a nasty clog. Heat it on the stove or in the faucet, but don’t allow the water to boil. 

Let’s get practical:

Fill the kitchen sink bowl with about a half cup of dish soap. Then, boil water and pour 3-4 cups into the kitchen sink bowl, flushing it. Dish soap can be used to lubricate and break up the clog and unclog the kitchen sink.

It’s a simple process; you have to pour the mix down the drain and wait a few minutes to see if it helps to clear the clog. Then, when the water starts to drain, you’ll know your efforts were successful. 


You flush the kitchen sink a few times to make sure the process is complete. In many cases, simply running hot water will dissolve whatever is causing the backup. If this method doesn’t work, don’t you worry, read on because there is still more to discover about unclogging a kitchen sink.

2. Use a wire hanger

So you want to learn how to unclog a kitchen sink … and we suggest a hanger… This might come as a shock if you are hearing about it for the first time. But yes, hangers can come in quite handy in situations like this. This is because hangers are angled in such a way that makes them surprisingly effective when unclogging a kitchen sink. 

A quick tip: Choosing a flexible hanger type like the wire hanger is advisable if you wish to get the desired result.

Some hangers are flexible; you can exploit this characteristic to your advantage. Untwist a wire hanger if you have one on hand to make a longer length of wire. If you don’t have access to a drain snake, a wire coat hanger from your wardrobe can be used to create one. 

Except for the hook, unwind the hanger until it is entirely straight. Then, while wearing rubber gloves, gently angle the hanger down the drain until you reach the clog. 

To make the process more seamless, wrap a little rag around the hook to assist or prevent scratches/damage to the porcelain. To empty the kitchen sink, flush it once the water starts to drain. Next, let’s head to the following method on how to unclog a kitchen sink.

3. Vinegar and baking soda 

Baking soda and vinegar are excellent cleaning agents, and when put into a clogged kitchen sink, they frequently dissolve the clog without the need for further action. The natural chemical reaction between the vinegar and baking soda will cause the clog to loosen. 

There are two ways to get this done.

  • Fill the kitchen sink bowl with roughly a cup of baking soda and allow it to settle to the bottom. After that, flush the kitchen sink and add 1-2 cups of vinegar to the tank. The vinegar will react with the baking soda, causing the kitchen sink debris to expand and break apart.
  • Take two cups of boiling water with two cups of white vinegar is what you want to do. Pour one cup of baking soda into the clogged kitchen sink, then flush with hot water and vinegar. Allow around 30 minutes for the mix to do its work. The clog will have disintegrated in most cases, and a simple flush will clear it all away. You’ll also have a cleaner kitchen sink bowl.

Hot Tip: To avoid the kitchen sink water spilling or splashing, carefully mix vinegar and baking soda.

If your kitchen sink won’t flush and you don’t have a plunger, you can use vinegar and baking soda, both of which are non-toxic household cleaning products. You’re undoubtedly well aware that vinegar and baking soda are excellent cleaners, deodorizers, and drain cleaners. However, if this doesn’t work, the following method on how to unclog a kitchen sink will do the magic. 

4. Use a vacuum valve

Air pressure can be a powerful force, and in this case, a pretty useful one. With the correct air pressure, it can be moved in or out of place. This is where a vacuum valve comes in. if you don’t have one already, you can easily rent a unit instead of buying one because of a clogged kitchen sink. 

You can easily rent a wet/dry vacuum from any hardware store near you at an affordable price. This will help you save the cost and time required to unclog your kitchen sink. 

Note: We especially advise you not to try this out with an ordinary vacuum. Many adverse outcomes can be expected with this, many of which can be very harmful to you. 

To begin, empty the bowl of water with it. Next, wrap the hose in an old rag to form a secure seal, then push the wet/dry vacuum down the drain a few inches. As soon as you turn on the void, the clog should be sucked out, or at least partially. 

When it comes to dealing with pressure, there is a high probability for things to get messy. So please don’t sleep on it; make sure you wear a pair of quality rubber gloves. If this doesn’t work, or worse, you can’t get access to a vacuum valve, don’t be dismayed. There is still one more option to exploit on how to unclog a kitchen sink. 

5. Use your plunger and petroleum jelly

Your plunger is probably just beneath the kitchen sink seat; this might be the first option that comes to mind. A sink plunger is a spherical rubber cup with a long stick to unclog the kitchen sink. It unclogs the kitchen sink by creating a pressure differential between the top of the clog and the drainpipe.

The kitchen sink plunger with a bit of aperture in the front (bell-shaped) that fits around the bottom of the kitchen sink is the best to use. For maximum pressure application, this closes around the kitchen sink drain.

This procedure may work if the clogged kitchen sink is not overflowing with water. However, it would help if you were very cautious when taking the first dive, as air will be escaping from the kitchen sink bottom, perhaps splashing water in your face.

Using a plunger is all about:

  • Pushing the plunger up and down over the drain
  • Covering it
  • Establishing a suction seal
  • Breaking apart the clog

Despite its simplicity, this item is still the most effective way to unclog a kitchen sink. This tool, especially with a flange, is recommended for all families because it works best to unblock the kitchen sink. 

Keep a plunger in your home; the best type is a robust rubber plunger with a flange. Unfortunately, many individuals are unaware that the seal is crucial to a plunger’s operation. Apply a tiny amount of petroleum jelly on the plunger’s rim, press the plunger against the drain to ensure a tight seal, and add water if the top of the plunger is not immersed.

Place the plunger in the kitchen sink bowl and carefully push it down when using this equipment. The first step is to get rid of any air. Otherwise, you risk splashing dirty water on yourself if you push too hard.

When you have confirmed that the seal is tight enough, pump the plunger down and up to maintain it. Finally, while breaking the air seal, pull the tool up hard. Water will be pouring down the drain, which you will notice.

How to unclog a kitchen sink
How to unclog a kitchen sink

How to unclog a kitchen sink: Wrapping up

With this, our journey on how to unclog your kitchen sink is complete. Few things in life can compare to looking down into a kitchen sink that won’t flush. We hope against hope that the situation will miraculously fix itself and we will be spared of the mess. However, a spillover as the water level in the bowl rises ominously can also be a nightmare. Hopefully, this article on how to unclog your kitchen sink has been of help. 

How to remove a pocket door | Step-By-Step Guide 2022

Pocket doors are typical in most new homes, but as with all conventional home furnishings, they wear out and become obsolete, necessitating the replacement of new entries. Knowing how to remove a pocket door on your own could help you save money. However, when learning how to draw a pocket door, an overview of the whole process might make it look not very easy.  –How to remove a pocket door

Steps required to learn how to remove a pocket door are pretty simple. All you have to do is locate the retention clips and look for a release mechanism to get started. The door may need to be kept in place; it’s also possible that it’ll be pretty heavy. As a result, a helping hand can be beneficial as you go forward. FinallyRelease the clip by sliding the door until it sticks out about 3 to 4 inches; you may need a screwdriver for this. 

The clips on some doors must remain open until the door is taken from the hanger. Then, lift the door slightly until the rollers come off to release it from the track. For more detailed explanations, tips and tricks read to find out more. Reading and following the instructions in this article will save you a great deal in repair costs.

What Are Pocket Doors?

Before learning how to remove a pocket door, let’s gain some insight on the subject topic.

A pocket door is a unique door that slips straight into the sidewalls, as seen in modern structures. However, instead of swinging outwards or inwards like a typical door, the pocket door slides sideways in.

In the opposite direction, this method of opening and closing saves a lot of room in both ways.

As a result, the half-round area in front and back would no longer be required to close and open a door. You can utilize the site directly behind the door for your chair or table because there is no requirement for such a room.

Pocket doors are typically seen in places of the home where there is a desire to optimize space. For example, pocket doors are frequently installed in the bedroom, bathroom, or busy living room. Next, we will be addressing the steps on how to remove a pocket door.

How to remove a pocket door
How to remove a pocket door

How to Remove a Pocket Door – Step By Step Guide

You’re just a few steps from learning how to remove a pocket door. All the critical steps are outlined below. Follow them to reach your desired results.

Step One: Release the Pocket Door Hangers

Pocket door hangers are linked to rollers that glide down a track, allowing the door to move back and forth. The jambs on either side of the door prevent you from rolling it out the other end. Hangers are designed to include a retention clip that secures the door hanging hook to the bolt for the rollers. 

Unfortunately, each manufacturer employs a unique hanger and clip. Before you attempt to remove the door, you must first locate the clip release. To push the release lever, you may need to use a screwdriver. Some clips need you to hold them open until the door is removed from the hanger.

Step Two: Remove the door stop’s caulk.

Next, completely open the door to gain access to the door stop, where you will find the caulk. Then, gently scrape off the caulk along the doorstop using a sharp object such as a utility knife or a razor. Make sure you scratch the caulk lines of the stop slowly, as any mistake will result in loss or spoilage.

Remove the wood if you won’t need it after you’ve scratched out the caulk and accessed the doorstop. You won’t use a pry bar to take down the wood if you intend to recycle it.

Step Three: Remove the Door Stop

Third on our list of how to remove a pocket door is to pull the doorstop finally.

Now that you’ve removed the caulk, the next step is quite simple. Remove the doorstop from its frame altogether. Even though eliminating the stops isn’t tricky, a pry bar will be required. You should not be alarmed if you see a doorstop fastened to the side with a nail.

What you have to do is take it out of the wood first to avoid dents. Of course, if the wood deteriorates, you will be given a replacement. Next, close the sliding pocket door so that you have enough space to lift it out of the door frames.

Step Four: Take Out the Pocket Door

When you raise the pocket door entirely off of its tracks, you’ll see there’s a component you need to open. Then, move over to the open side of the door and lift it out. Begin pulling the screen towards you when both sides are available on the same side. Attempt to carefully lift the door while pushing to draw the rollers out of their grooves. If the door is too massive for one person to open, you will want assistance. This individual would assist in pushing and pulling the door as needed.

Step five: Pull Out the Pocket Door

You can now remove the pocket door and set it aside when you’ve completed these preliminary steps. Yes, it is necessary to relocate it away from your exit. For some, this is the most challenging stage. The size of the door also determines how difficult it will be to open; you may need to seek assistance. If the track becomes embedded in the wall, you should hire a professional to remove the door. Doing it yourself may consume all of your time and energy while failing to complete the task.

How to remove a pocket door
How to remove a pocket door

Tips on how to remove a pocket door

When removing a door because it’s warped, painting it will protect your replacement door from the same problem. To do so, you’ll need to know how to paint a pocket door without taking it off the tracks. Then, after you’ve mastered the technique, you may paint the four sides’ faces and edges to avoid warping.

Slide the rollers into the track after installing the hanging pocket door hardware on top of the door. Adjust the door until it is level while hanging it on both hangers. When putting drywall over the pocket, install the door grip before removing the door. As a result, apply a few coats of the drywall mixture to the joints before installing the door.

Pocket door guides should be installed on both the inside and outside of the door. You can avoid pocket door wobbles by nailing the head jambs and two-piece to either side of the door. Then, with a nail and pocket door studs, secure the door casing to the frame. The strike plate should then be installed after that.

How to Replace a Pocket Door

You may have considered how to replace a pocket door but have not fully comprehended the process because of the difficulty you’re having with your slider.

Step one: ​Removing the Door

In addition to removing the door frame, the first step in replacing a pocket door is to create a hole in the wall to provide access to the rollers and track system. You have total control over the roller and track at this point. The old door may be removed from the rollers by tilting it down.

Step two: ​Removing the Track

To replace the door’s operating components, you’ll need to remove the track system by unscrewing all of the screws holding it in place. It would help if you accounted for any gapping when installing a new track in the exact location as the old one. This may be avoided by making sure the way is level before installing it.

Step three: Shimming the Track

If you have shifted your housing or settlement over time, you may need to put shims under the track. You may screw the way into place after it is as level as possible in the header of the pocket door opening.

Check to see if your new track’s rollers need to be put before installation or if they may be placed after the way has been mounted. To prevent having to remove the trail again to install the rollers as instructed, double-check this requirement.

Step four: ​Replace Roller Hardware.

Replace the roller hardware at the top of your door while you’re at it. Rehang the door after installing the new rollers at the top. It requires a certain amount of skill to rehang a pocket door. You’ll need to align your door’s rollers with the tracks and make sure it glides back and forth smoothly.

Step five: Installing the Door and Frame

To maintain the integrity and look of your door, you may now replace the frame piece by piece. Hopefully, you were able to dismantle the frame while keeping the complete structure intact carefully.

If your old or new door is hefty, a pry bar or shims can be used to pull it into place or hold it in place while you install the rollers on the track. It’ll be a little simpler to deal with now.

This will allow you to quickly replace it and return to mending the access point you created in the wall.


This wraps up our guide on how to remove a pocket door. Spend some time learning how your pocket door works. If you need to access the roller and track installed in the wall, don’t be afraid to make a hole in it. While this may seem inconvenient, it is the only way to ensure that your sliding door functions well for many years.